Plan your Trip to Arkadi Monastery, Rethymno

My Cretan life and experiences are highlighted in many touching moments. When I think of all my trips around the island, there were always plenty of memories. And visiting Arkadi Monastery, in Rethymno, is always a touching experience. A place so beautiful and still so deeply marked with the Cretan struggle for freedom. Arkadi Monastery is a helpful instrument to understand Crete, as well as its people, character, and history.

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General information about Moni Arkadi

The Holy Monastery of Arkadi in Rethymno is one of those places that I strongly recommend you to include in your Rethymno itinerary. The monastery has been for long an integral part of Crete’s history and fights for freedom.

The Holy Monastery of Arkadi, or also Moni Arkadi, is located in the regional unit of Rethymno.
Opening Hours: April – October: 9.00-18.00 | November – March: 9.00-16.00
Entrance fee: 3.00 € (full ticket), free for local citizens.

How to get to Arkadi Monastery

From Rethymno

Map Rethymno Moni Arkadi
From Rethymno to Arkadi Monastery – Google maps 2019.

By car: Those staying in or near Rethymno should get on the Main National Road and drive in the direction of Heraklion (East) for no more than 6 km, until the exit Tsesme-Platania (or Adelianos Kampos).

Once there, switch to the Old National Road and drive for 16 km more, until reaching the monastery, the whole drive is from 30 to 45 minutes. There’s a large parking lot (free) at the entrance of the monastery.

By bus: Buses to Arkadi Monastery depart from Rethymno’s Public Bus Station, 2-3 times a day. The trip lasts about 40 minutes. You can visit the website and check the schedules here.

Check this guide to driving on Crete with tips about renting a car, overtaking on the highway, and more suggestions for a perfect road trip on the island.

From Chania

It’s very easy to reach the Arkadi Monastery in Rethymno both from Chania and Heraklion, in general, the roads are not difficult and the mountain landscape when accessing the site is really breathtaking. Plan plenty of photography stops!

From Chania (La Canea in the map) to Arkadi Monastery.

It will take you about one hour and a half to reach the monastery from Chania, always take into account that if you’re driving during the high season, roads might be trafficked and therefore you might need some extra time. Besides, being Arkadi such an important religious place on the island, it’s common for it to be crowded not just in July and August.

From Heraklion

Another beautiful road trip, that might take you approximately one and a half hours on the coastal road. If you have time to explore a bit more, try discovering some mountain villages on your way. A stop in Anogeia, Axos or Zoniana are good ideas.

From Heraklion to Arkadi.

If you prefer the comfort of an organized tour, check this day trip from Chania or this other day trip from Rethymno, both of them include a visit to Arkadi Monastery.

Arkadi Monastery Rethymno, Crete
The beautiful gardens of the Monastery.

The Turkish occupation of Crete

By the end of 1648, most of Crete was under Ottoman control. A conquest followed by incredible destruction. They looted buildings and churches which were later converted into mosques.

The destructive rage of the conquerors didn’t stop there, targeting roads, houses, local businesses. Many islanders escaped avoiding execution or imprisonment, while others fled to the mountains.

Monastery of Arkadi gardens
The courtyard of Arkadi Monastery, fruit trees and flowers.

Ottoman rulers and settlers forced the shrinking Christian population into further misery and despair, imposing high taxes and confiscating lands.

Read more about the Monasteries in Crete.

The local uprising took place on several occasions but they were inevitably followed by strict countermeasures and oppression.

Back church in Arkadi Monastery
The back of the church.

The history behind Arkadi Monastery

The need for a revolution felt stronger and spread in the area. Arkadi was its soul. It became the center of the Cretan revolution. Anger made the Ottomans vandalize the area, forcing the villagers to seek refuge behind the walls of the Monastery of Arkadi. 

Almost a thousand refugees, mostly women, and children underwent an Ottoman attack. Upon the request to surrender, their only reply was “We’d rather have war.”

Gunpower storage room, rethymnno's moni Arkadi, Crete
Gunpowder storage room, no roof remaining.

The Holocaust of Arkadi Monastery was a tragic symbol of the Cretan struggle for independence. Hundreds of women and children locked inside the gunpowder stores blowing it up and taking hundreds of Ottoman soldiers with them to the grave.

After years of struggles, the Ottoman forces were expelled in 1898 and the Cretan Republic was declared independent. The union of Crete with Greece became a reality in 1913.

Tree with bullet in Moni Arkadi, Rethymno, Crete.
The famous tree with the bullet.

The walls of Arkadi enclose the cells belonging to the monks, a well-kept garden as well as the magnificent Baroque church with an impressive bell tower. Inside, icons and paintings both belonging to the Byzantine school and the Cretan Renaissance.

It’s also possible to visit the museum, where there are a lot of interesting exhibits related to Crete’s fight for independence. Also, pay a visit to the kitchen and the refectory.

Once outside, you can also take a look at the Ossuary containing the rest of some of the people that perished in this massacre.

Bullet inside the tree in the monastery of Arkadi in Rethymno
The bullet still in the log of the tree, Arkadi Monastery, Rethymno (Crete).

What to see in Arkadi Monastery, Rethymno

The church of Arkadi Monastery

Also known as catholicon, the church stands in the central court of the monastery and together with the whole complex, it is surrounded by a thick, fortified wall. It was built in the 16th century with a strong Baroque and Roman components, quite typical of the Cretan Renaissance.

The museum of Moni Arkadi

The museum, which develops at different levels, includes a rich collection of Icons as well as manuscripts, books, and engravings. In the museum, it’s also possible to see a selection of impressive religious clothing.

Cells of monks in Monastery.
The cells of the monks.

The refectory

The impressive space devoted to the monk’s meals dates back to 1687. Under its vaulted ceiling, it’s possible to see the old, original furniture still bearing the marks of the bullets and swords belonging to the Ottoman attacks.

From the refectory, you can reach the kitchen to admire the big oven and fireplace, as well as some pieces of pottery used to prepare the meals.

The ossuary

The octagonal building that houses the ossuary is located outside the walls of the monastery, right in front of the parking lot. The site remembers those Cretans who chose to die rather than surrendering to the Ottomans (1866).

In this small construction, dozens of skulls and other bones bear the marks of the battle made by the Turks. Finally, an inscription commemorating the massacre reads Nothing is more noble or glorious than dying for one’s country.

Arkadi Entrance
Entrance to the complex.

The importance of Arkadi in Crete’s history

It’s worth remembering that, despite the fact that still many years had to go by until Crete would find itself free from the Ottoman rule, the massacre of Arkadi had remarkable importance.

Back in the day, in many European countries, different movements appeared with the intention of supporting Crete in getting rid of Turkish domination.

Have you ever been to Crete? And if have, did you visit Arkadi?

This article has been recently updated and contains the latest information regarding hours to visit. If you need extra information, would like me to write more about Crete’s history, or have a question, leave me a comment in the dedicated section below.

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About the Author

Hola! I’m Gabi. I moved to Crete to explore the island all year round.
I love taking pictures and driving on the mountain roads of Crete.
I’m a beach freak and on this island, I’ve found heaven on earth!

Gabi Ancarola
The Tiny Book – Crete Travel Blog

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