Medieval Greece: Fortresses and castles in the Greek islands

Greece is more than a Mediterranean summer recipe for success: Sun, sea, and sand. It’s a country that is ever so diverse, with a historical significance that spans thousands of centuries. From the ancient times that put Greece on the civilization map, lighting the way for others to follow; through the Medieval times. A period that saw Greece as the center of conquest. A never-ending story until we reach modern times, attracting many tourists eager for a fantastic climate and gorgeous landscapes.

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Medieval Greece

The ancient heritage is largely known, but the Greek Medieval era is less so. Not many know that Greece has numerous fortresses and castles. These, combined with their island setting, are in fact attractions worth visiting on your next Greek island escape. Here are some suggestions including the best examples of Medieval Greece.

Koules, Heraklion.

Medieval Greece on Crete: Venetian walls (Heraklion)

Crete’s capital, Heraklion, is essentially a coastal city encased by a series of Venetian Walls. These walls create a fortification around the port, making it a wonderful and unique scene for visitors. Due to these walls, Heraklion is considered one of the largest cities enclosed by such fortified walls.

During the Venetian period around the 13th century, the walls were used to protect it from sieges but today they stand in amazing condition, towering over the city, offering popular walking routes coupled with beautiful scenic views. You can discover them all, leading down to the most impressive monument, the Koules fortress by the sea, on your next visit to Crete.

Medieval landscape in Heraklion, Crete.

A very convenient choice for accommodation in Heraklion is staying in a city location that also guarantees peace and quiet from all the city’s hustle and bustle. We personally love this hotel, and it’s one of our best memories in the city.

Medieval Corfu: Fortresses & castles

Corfu is another island that has been in the midst of Medieval conquest and came under Venetian rule between the 14th century until the 18th century. Four hundred years of Venetian influence left their mark on the island in the form of some stunning fortresses and castles that are the main attractions for many visitors to admire.

Corfu town.
Corfu town.

Specifically, the Old Venetian Fortress and the New Fortress in Corfu Town are the main highlights.

They are part of the culture of Corfu and garrisons of the charm of the island.

Corfu is also home to some gorgeous castles such as Angelokastro and Kassiopi castles of the Byzantine era. Paying them a visit will fill you with awe and will surely create within you visual memories to last a lifetime, with the incredible views that come with them.

Choose between a stunning hotel in Corfu town or a family seaside resort in Corfu for your stay, and plan a day to explore the aforementioned landmarks from there!

The Fortified Kastro of Folegandros

Folegandros is a striking island destination in many ways. It provides a refreshing alternative for holidays in the Cyclades with wild natural beauty and a quiet atmosphere. A dramatic island with clifftops and sharp peaks that will leave you utterly amazed.

the Medieval times. A period that saw Greece as the center of conquest. A never-ending story until we reach the modern times, attracting many tourists eager for a fantastic climate and gorgeous landscapes.
Kastro, Folegandros

The Kastro (which means castle in Greek) integrates all the natural characteristics of the place, even when the area is not really medieval… nor a proper castle in itself. But, come on! Who really cares?

Folegandros is one of those islands well worth a visit.

In Folegandros, the Kastro is in the Chora, and is right on the edge of an astonishing cliff. Once there, sauntering around its alleyways of cobblestone streets you will not feel the same adrenaline, rather, this settlement creates a sense that it is very enclosed and protected from the elements.

white and blue landscape Folegandros Island, Greece

As this is mostly a local settlement, with small Cycladic houses that retain their traditional character, a design, Seaview hotel in Folegandros, can offer you totally relaxing holidays.

Where would you like to go? Crete, Corfu, or Folegandros?
Let me know in the comments below!

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Gabi Ancarola | The Tiny Book

About the Author

Hola! I’m Gabi. Welcome to The Tiny Book – Crete Travel Blog! I moved to Crete to explore the island all year round. I love taking pictures and driving on the mountain roads of Crete. I’m a beach freak and on this island I’ve found heaven on earth!

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