Over the years, I’ve written a few guides to help you visit wineries on the island and to encourage your journey through the flavors of Crete and its striving wine tourism industry. This time, though, I wanted to offer you a full insight into the wines of the island. But I wanted it to be knowledgeable, clear, and different. Ok, yes, I do drink wine and I’m a Cretan wine enthusiast, but I’m no expert. So, I reached my friend and star sommelier in Chania who knows better… Therefore, with no further ado, enjoy this brilliant sommelier’s guide to Cretan wines.
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- Here’s the reading challenge!
- Preparing the Travel and Reading list
- 1. Gabriel García Márquez, One Hundred Years of Solitude
- 2. Jorge Luis Borges, The Aleph
- 3. J.R. R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings
- 4. Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, The Little Prince
- 5. Nikos Kazantzakis, Zorba the Greek
- 6. Tiziano Terzani, A Fortune-Teller Told Me
- 7. Sujata Maasey, The Sleeping Dictionary
- 8. David Lodge, Small World
- 9. Stephen King, On Writing, A Memoir of the Craft
- 10. Lonely Planet, The World: A Traveller’s Guide to the Planet
- Final words… (and here is where I cheated!)
A guide to Cretan wines for wine lovers
Crete is known for pristine beaches, incredible archeological sites, friendly people, and delicious food which oftentimes overshadows our history as one of the oldest winemaking regions in the world.
The Minoans, who were the first civilization of Europe, were making wines from vitis vinifera vines as long as 4000 years ago.
A lot has happened since then much of which is why most people don’t know that Crete even has wine.
Crete is in a crucially strategic location in the Mediterranean. It is the crossroads of 3 continents. Throughout history, those who were seeking power and control over the regions occupied Crete. These were not thriving times for the Cretan people ergo not for the wines either.
After a long recovery from wars and dictatorships, it wasn’t until the 1970’s that Crete has seen a major revival in the wine industry resulting in wines of character, quality, and value.
Crete has at least 11 indigenous grape varieties- new discoveries are being studied. They are truly unique, hard to pronounce, and express themselves differently in each wine region. All is not hopeless, there is a wine for everyone. Here is your guide to finding a Cretan wine you will love.
White grapes from Crete
There are 7 white and 4 red wines found on the island. The most beloved white wine is Vidiano. Vidiano is medium-bodied, medium acid, and medium aromatic. There are citrus, peach, and flower notes.
Vidiano is a Cretan wine that also pairs great with local cuisine. It can be found in unoaked versions as well as opulent oak-aged versions. It’s a safe bet.
If you’re looking for something simple to enjoy by itself or with light dishes, Vilana is a great choice. This white wine is the most widely planted meaning it’s also easy to find.
Vilana has high acidity, light body, and a pleasant bouquet.
Thrapsathiri is the hardest to pronounce but it is worth it! This is the most interesting and unusual grape. It makes a wine that is often described as salty but balanced out with ripe pears and apple flavors as well. Thrapsathiri is a great choice with any seafood dishes.
If you prefer aromatic white wines, Crete has two! Muscat of Spina and Malvasia are similar in that they are perfumey and flowery. Both are light-bodied with medium acidity.
Muscat of Spina is more generous with apricot and lime flavors while Malvasia has beautiful gardenia and orange blossom aromas and flavors. These Cretan wines just need a balcony overlooking the sea to be enjoyed!
Dafni and Plyto are very rare white grapes that you will unlikely come across in your travels but if you do, give them a try!
Dafni is named after the bay leaf which is a strong characteristic of the wine. Plyto is also on the herbal side of the wine spectrum.
>> Let Anna Maria guide you through the vineyards and flavors of Crete. Join one of her unique Wine Tours in Chania and let me know what you think about the local labels!
Cretan wines: The reds
The red wines are few but cover all the bases!
Kotsifali makes a fruit-forward bright wine. On its own, it’s light-bodied with plenty of berry flavors and a lower tannin structure. It smells and tastes of cranberry, pomegranate, and raspberry. Unoaked varietal Kotsifali is a great summer red that can even accompany fish dishes. It is often blended with Syrah to beef it up a little bit.
Traditionally it is blended with Mantilari which serves a similar purpose of giving the wine more structure, color, and tannins. Mantilari is the boldest native grape. Wines from this grape can be inky, full-bodied, and gamey. Most Mantilari will be aged in oak barrels which accentuates its spice notes.
It is the wine you want for lamb dishes or with grilled meats. Quality Mantilari wines can be aged for quite a few years.
Liatiko is the most elegant red grape of Crete. Liatiko offers a subtle but rewarding depth of flavor punctuated with cherry, Cretan herbs, and earth. Liatiko is medium in body, light in color, and tannin. Any mushroom or vegetable dishes will be well served with Liatiko as well as with tender meats.
Romeiko is grown all over western Crete though it is rare to find bottled Romeiko wines. It is a grape whose wines oxidize easily. The sherry-esque style is an acquired taste that the locals love but maybe off-putting if you are not used to it. The best expressions of Romeiko are in its very sweet sun-dried liasto style dessert wines.
Recently, Romeiko has found its way into the mainstream vinified as a white wine, as well. We have not seen the last of Romeiko!
Eat, pink, and be merry
Rosé wines from Crete really shine and are perfect in our hot summers. They are often made from the international varieties Syrah and Grenache though you will also find them from the local varieties as well.
If you are still feeling intimidated by the Cretan wines, a blend may help you ease into them. A lot of producers will blend a local variety with a more famous international variety like Sauvignon Blanc or Merlot. If you like it, then try the local grape on its own next time.
Are you ready to explore Cretan wines? If you’re still uncertain about booking your trip to Crete, Get in touch for extra help to plan your itinerary. Or check this guide if you’re touring West Crete. You’ll find detailed info about where to go, what to see, what to drink, and more!
Coming to Crete any time soon? These fantastic resources will help you organize the trip!
- Start by heading right to my post with helpful tips to plan a trip to Crete, which goes over every detail you need to know, from when it’s best to travel to what documents you need, or how to get a SIM card. You can also check my post to plan a Crete trip with kids!
- Probably, you’re also planning to spend some time at the beach on the island. Check my guide to the best beaches in Crete to choose the one you like the most. Read this article to decide what area suits best to stay in Crete, or check this post is you still don’t know all the things you can do in Crete.
- Finally, to have updated information about the island, join my private group on Facebook about Crete and download a copy of my West Crete Travel Guide to have it always with you on the island!
Finally, make sure you’ve got everything you for a hassle-free trip!
- I never move around the island with any of these… my Osprey backpack has been the most loyal travel partner over the last 5 years. It’s sturdy, light, roomy, and super comfortable! I just love it. To visit the old town, archaeological sites, and museums, this little crossbody bag is always around.
- When driving around Crete, I always pack my Michelin map, clear, accurate, and easy to read and my Nikon D7200, I’m lost without any of them. In summer I also carry good sunscreen lotion, the sun on the island can be pretty aggressive.
- Greece, and especially Crete, is a fairly safe destination, however, I’m sure you know that it’s always better to travel with an insurance policy for complete peace of mind. My favorite? World Nomads. Already left home? Buy your travel insurance online now!
- Always bring with you a good travel guide to Crete! The best Crete Travel Guide I’ve found so far is the one published by Lonely Planet. It has all the information you need.
- Airfares to Crete can vary immensely from one airline to the other, make sure you always compare ticket prices with a powerful search engine. Getting to Crete can be really comfortable with an airplane, but nothing beats the romantic experience of traveling by sea. I always choose Let’s Ferry to visit other Greek islands or to travel directly to Crete from Athens. It has a powerful search engine to get the right ticket you need!
- If I need to book accommodation in Crete or anywhere else, I personally use Booking.com. Their Genius Loyalty Programme allows me to find better fees. As they say, the more you stay with them, the more rewards you get.
- Road trips in Crete are the most authentic way to explore the island. Find the cheapest rental car using a good car rental search engine. Discover Cars searches over 500 trusted rental companies for you to find the best deal. Compare prices for rental cars in Crete here.
- Sometimes, the best way to get to know a place better and make the most of your time on Crete is to join an organized tour. GetYourGuide has a great selection of proposals that help you save time and money. From cooking lessons to archaeological site tours, skip-the-line attractions, and even airport transfer!
Do you have everything you need? Then you just have to get ready to discover Crete, Greece’s most beautiful island!
- Further reading
If you’d like to read more about Heraklion, Crete’s most important wine region, check this great itinerary for 1, 2, or 3 days in the capital. Once there, visit a local winery and enjoy a self-guided tour of Knossos to discover everything about the Minoans. As you’ve probably heard, visiting the Knossos Palace is not always enough, so do include a trip to Heraklion’s Archaeological Museum on the same day to get a more accurate picture of the Minoan Civilization.
Heraklion is also the region where you can discover a more recent past… so why not travel back to the 60s with a day trip to Matala beach? It’s located on Heraklion’s south coast which also boasts spectacular beaches facing the Libyan Sea. Families with kids will be happy to know that the capital of Crete has some stunning theme parks for children such as Labyrinth Park and the fascinating Dinosauria. Finally, if you’re still in the planning stage of your trip, have some fun learning these fun and interesting facts about Crete, you’ll discover many curious things you probably didn’t know!
Which of these wines would you like to taste?
Let me know in the comments below!
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About the Author
Anna Maria Kambourakis is a Massachusetts native. She studied wine in Chicago where she also became a Certified Sommelier. She has been active in the Greek wine industry for many years and is its biggest cheerleader. In 2013, she took the giant leap to move to her ancestral home of Crete where she owns Chania Wine Tours. She has established herself as a leader of wine tourism on the island. She delights in sharing wine stories with her guests on her tours and to the world through her writing.