When you think about Greece, you usually picture sunny days by the sea and amazing beaches, right? However, Greece is not only just a summer destination. As a matter of fact, there are different and unique Greek Christmas traditions that it’s possible to discover during the cold season. You can explore the cold northern regions of the country, or take advantage of the more affordable prices to reach some of the islands. There’s plenty to see and do in Greece during the holidays and there are also so many fantastic traditions that Greece is famous for… Read on to learn more about some of those Christmas traditions.
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Everything about Christmas in Greece
Holiday traditions not only vary from country to country but even within a country, from region to region. When taking a look at Greece for example, a country with hundreds of inhabited islands, you will find that in every one of them, there are unique rituals and customs.
Christmas Traditions from Greece
Some of them are tasty, some are superstitious, others are plain weird and others are fun. They are all interesting though, take a look!
Tasty Holiday Traditions from Greece
In every Greek household, it’s more than common to have homemade Christmas treats. These can vary from the traditional Greek Christmas cookies to others food specialties and dishes unique to each island.
When it comes to cookies, the tradition is split between two distinct flavors, both of which usually pose a dilemma (at least for me!)
Melomakarona vs. Kourabiedes
How about both, please?
Melomakarona is a honey-glazed cookie, normally sprinkled with crushed walnuts and often found in a version covered in dark chocolate that can be a bit heavy but utterly delicious.
Kourabiedes are butter cookies with toasted bits of almond and covered in caster sugar (shortbread style). Probably my favorite until I was introduced to chocolate melomakarona.
Both are delicious and available in every patisserie around Greece, not just on the islands. They are not complex to make either, so they are usually found on every family table during the holidays. If you want to enjoy both and avoid feeling guilty about calories, check this post I wrote for Greek Reporter.
Discover the Best of Santorini during Christmas!
Have you ever thought that Santorini could be an excellent Christmas escape?
With the Santorini magic Christmas tour, you will get in a festive spirit and discover Together with the professional local guide, you will discover the magic that Christmas brings to Santorini”
What you will do:
- Learn the secrets of Christmas traditions in Santorini
- Venture to a Christmas market and try the local delicacies
- See Santorini away from sunshine, as it fills with Christmas magic…
You will also learn about the Christmas legends of Santorini. Together we will visit the old-fashioned Christmas Market in the city. Our local guide will be on hand to suggest great food and drink to try. Fill your heart with Christmas joy and experience the magic of Santorini.
The exclusive tour is only available during the Christmas period, and gives you the chance to see Santorini in a different light!
Also known as Tigana, tiganites, or diples, these fried treats are a tradition in many households. This sweet is a thin fried dough drenched in syrup that can take very different and creative shapes according to where you eat them.
On Christmas day, these festive treats or tiganites are an authentic tradition in Santorini, while on Crete (not a Cycladic island though) they are also served but are not strictly festive.
Christopsomo and Vasilopita
In many different areas of Greece, and not just on the islands, housewives cook Christopsomo (which translates as the bread of Christ).
This kind of festive bread is fancier and sweeter thanks to the addition of extra ingredients, such as raisins, walnuts, and spices. You can read my Bread from Greece article to have a more in-depth idea about the different types of baked products that are typical of the country.
When it comes to New Year, Greeks cook Vasilopita. The traditional version of this dish is more or less a special New Year cake bearing a lucky coin inside, the flouri.
It’s customary for families to divide and serve the Vasilopita in equal portions for everyone attending the dinner, and of course, whoever lands the slice with the flouri will be the lucky one for the coming year!
Luck is what brings us to the second group of traditions, the superstitious ones.
Superstitious Holiday Traditions from Greece
The Santorini tradition of Kalichera
Going back to Santorini, it’s common for the local elementary school students to extend their hands to their teachers in an old custom called Kalichera (good hand). This usually takes place on January 1st.
Kalichera is a tradition with very ancient Byzantine roots which always suggests good intentions. Children bear money, eggs, or chickens to their teachers, as a goodwill present. This might perhaps suggest that maybe it pays to be a teacher in Santorini.
Another island worth mentioning for its superstitions is Folegandros. Here, there’s a local legend that has to do with the universal myth of evil spirits trying to defile humans at Christmas. And despite the fact that this is a very famous superstition all over Greece, it’s on Folegandros that this story is most dear to the locals.
According to Christmas lore, our world connects to the underworld through a tree. However, these little, evil creatures, the kallikantzaroi, live beneath the tree, waiting for a chance to trick the minds of men, causing them to steer away from virtue.
The kallikantzaroi spend the year trying to saw and ax the tree down but they usually fail. According to this superstitious legend, during these 12 days, evil spirits can rise to our world because in this period Christ wasn’t baptized.
That means he can’t protect humanity from evil. These evil goblins roam the earth freely, entering people’s households and usually upsetting and frustrating them. Here, you can read more about this superstition in the rest of the Balkans.
Unique Greek Holiday Traditions
This superstition relates to the evil spirits above. On the Greek island of Naxos, and during the 12 days of Christmas, people try to keep the kallikantzaroi away. The best way to do so is by keeping their fireplace lit.
In Naxos, locals usually burn what they call Christokoutsouro. Basically, the Christokoutsouro are two logs, one on top of the other, with the shape of a cross.
The legend says that keeping this special fire going deters evil spirits from entering the home.
What’s interesting (and slightly weird) is that these logs represent the bond of the household couple. As the embers burn together as one, the bond between the couple is enhanced. It must be incredibly challenging to keep the fire going for a straight 12 days.
Let alone make sure that the two logs stay together why they burn.
According to the local folklore, all the above help drive back these evil beings into the ground for one more year. This way the Greeks contribute to making the world go back to normal.
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Fun Holiday Traditions from the Greek Islands
Santa Run on Crete island
Personally, Christmas is my least favorite period of the year, however, there’s one tradition I really enjoy since I’m in Crete, and that’s the local Santa Run marathon that we celebrate every year in Chania.
For those who still have never considered Crete for a Christmas break, the island is awesome to escape some colder regions in Europe, thanks to its milder December temperatures. Plus, it comes packed with outstanding Cretan food and a unique event.
The Santa Run is a celebration held in many other cities around the world, on Crete it is organized in order to raise funds to support children’s associations.
The participants, dressed up as Santas (and some as elves too!), walk along a city route, usually singing and dancing, until they reach the arrival point, commonly set at the Yiali Tzami Mosque, in the Venetian Port of Chania.
Upon arrival, both those who participated and those who were just witnesses, gather in circles and dance to the traditional music of Crete. As they say in town, Santa Run features no winner, at Santa Run everybody wins because the funds go to kids in need.
Once the marathon is over, it’s common for everyone to spend the rest of the afternoon in one of the different cafés by the sea, enjoying a cup of hot chocolate.
When Epiphany finally arrives, it’s the time for the blessing of the waters. Probably one of the most heartfelt rituals all over the country.
On the 6th of December, the local priest throws a wooden cross on a chain into the sea. When this happens, many locals dive into the cold January waters in a swimming race to grab it.
He who rescues the cross from the bottom of the sea, river or lake, receives the holy blessing for the coming year. In virtually every Greek village, all the communities organize a unique Epiphany event.
The way the Greeks celebrate Epiphany is only for brave participants. And only fun to watch as opposed to diving into very cold waters yourself (which is not fun at all).
In all other circumstances, you should choose to swim in the Aegean in warmer months. And then enjoy the Greek sea to the fullest with a wonderful holiday on the Greek islands.
Probably one of the most unique symbols of Christmas in Greece is this small boat. It usually has lights as decorations and it’s in every square of towns and villages. It’s the karavaki (literally, “little boat”) and it has gradually been replaced by the more common Christmas tree. However, it still remains in many places.
In a country with such an important maritime past and tradition, this little boat remains the preferred Christmas ornament on many Greek islands.
The tradition of having a boat is related to Saint Nicholas, the patron saint of the seas, and the sailors which Greeks celebrate on the same day that they start preparing their houses for Christmas, on December 6th.
A kid’s favorite, Kalanda is how they call the Christmas Carols in Greece. Children, sometimes dress in Christmas costumes too. They wake up early and go, from door to door, singing Christmas songs, usually with some simple musical instruments.
Some kids choose to do this either on the 1st of January or on the Epiphany. However, children tend to go out singing carols also on the 25th of December.
This very old tradition is pretty much alive all over the country, but mostly in very small villages. The custom requires that when the kids come to your door, you will give them some pocket money. This, because their songs are supposed to be a blessing for every house they visit.
Have you ever spent the Christmas holidays in Greece?
Let me know in the comments!
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About the author of this blog:
Gabi has been living in Crete for the last five years. Here, she juggles being a solo mom, hosting culinary tours in the summer, translating, and writing for The Tiny Book and her other blogs.
She’s written for Greek Reporter, published three travel guides about Greece, and had more glasses of frappe than any regular person would be able to handle.
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