Why a Mythological Tour of Athens? There are many walking tours in Athens: Morning tours, night tours, food tours, alternative tours, and even street art ones! This time, I chose a tour that would be perfect for families but not only! This tour is offered by Alternative Athens, and it’s a mythological proposal for you to discover the past of Greece’s stunning capital. Let me introduce you to the Athens mythological tour.
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Walking Tour in Athens: A Review
The following are the different stops and visits that this Mythological tour of Athens includes, one better than the other one, check what we saw and what we learned…
First Stop: Olympian Zeus
Our tour begins where it should, where it all began. In the Temple of Olympian Zeus and with one of the many Greek myths of Cosmogony. With Zeus pouring heavy rains out of anger, and Deucalion and Pyrrha arriving at Mount Parnassus after drifting for nine days, to give origin to a new human race.
The Temple of Olympian Zeus was started by tyrant Peisistratus, around 520 BC, but works on the Temple were picked up and abandoned more than once.
The Roman Emperor Hadrian (II cent. AD) decided on the completion of the temple, among other works he intended for Athens, yet it did not live long.
It is double the size of the Parthenon, there were originally 104 Corinthian columns but only 15 of them remain. One of them fell during a storm in 1852 and is still visible on the ground.
The Temple of Olympian Zeus is also known as the Olympieion or Columns of the Olympian Zeus.
Where to stay in Athens: Compare hotels on Booking.com. Looking for a classy room with top views? Check AthensWas Design Hotel, one of the places I loved in Athens. Another great place is Herodion Hotel (check their rooftop bar!).
Top-rated tours in Athens:
Acropolis Guided Tour with Entry Ticket.
4-Hour Private Street Art Tour.
The Ultimate Food Tasting Tour.
Multiday trips from Athens:
Delphi and Meteora: 3-Day Tour from Athens.
Athens, Acropolis Museum, Cape Sounion, Cruise & Delphi.
5-Day Tour of Classical Greek Sites from Athens.
Value for money:
Ticket Pass for Museums & Hop-On Hop-Off Bus.
The Arch of Hadrian
The Arch of Hadrian (also Hadrian’s Gate) was erected in 132 AD as a gate between the ancient city and the Roman city of Athens. There are two inscriptions on the arch, facing opposite directions, designing both Theseus and Hadrian as founders of Athens. Towards the Acropolis it reads:
- ΑΙΔ’ ΕIΣΙΝ ΑΘΗΝΑΙ ΘΗΣΕΩΣ Η ΠΡΙΝ ΠΟΛΙΣ (This is Athens, the ancient city of Theseus);
on the side facing the Temple of Olympian Zeus, it says:
- ΑΙΔE ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟΥ ΚΟΥΧI ΘΗΣΕΩΣ ΠΟΛΙΣ (This is the city of Hadrian, and not of Theseus).
Our guide soothes the polemic explaining that the first inscription faces the Classical city, founded by Theseus, whereas the second looks at the Roman expansion of the city, designing Hadrian as the second founder of Athens. Doubt remains.
Both inscriptions certainly honor Hadrian, but do they refer to the city as a whole or the city divided as the old and the new one?
The Theater of Dionysus
Several myths explain the origins of Dionysus. We listen to the myth of Zeus and Semele under the shadows of an olive tree, in front of the Theater. The myth tells of Zeus falling in love with mortal Semele and about his wife, Hera, finding out that Semele is pregnant. Hera, angry at Zeus, decides to get her revenge.
Hera appears to Semele in disguise and, gaining her confidence, makes Semele doubtful of Zeus. Semele makes Zeus promise that he would give her anything and so she asks him to appear to her in all his glory. Little did she know that Gods appearing in their divine splendor were lethal to humans.
Zeus thus kills Semele with his burning flames but manages to save the unborn child by sewing him to his thigh. A few months later, the god Dionysus is born from Zeus’s leg.
Mythology states that Dionysus lived a life of transformation, always escaping from the anger of Hera, forced to change his appearance all the time.
Therefore the god of metamorphosis, of change. Of wine and theater, since those also bring transformation, the first changes our mood, the latter brings catharsis. This is why Dionysus is also called Eleutherius (“the liberator”) as wine, music and ecstatic dance set free from fear.
There’s no need to say we are captured by our Dionysus (our guide) and his stories… He goes on to talk about ancient plays, how they were represented, how the rituals started at sunrise, and what a dithyramb was. He sets an example of how and why the theater was an educational experience, he chooses Antigone. And we love it.
Quick accommodation guide to Athens
Mid-range: If you can spend a little more, check this great Stylish studio below the Acropolis to discover the best of Plaka and the surrounding area in Athens.
Luxury: Coco-mat Athens BC is a perfect place to stay in Athens to enjoy all the comfort in a stunning location.
The Temple of Asclepius
According to mythology, Asclepius, son of Apollo, is the God of Medicine, through his studies he becomes so skillful in medicine as to resurrect the dead, thus receiving Zeus’ punishment.
The cult of Asclepius started about 350 BC, becoming very popular with pilgrims visiting the temples to be cured. A patient underwent two stages of healing, a purification stage or catharsis (including baths, diets, and art therapies), and the incubation stage or dream therapy when the patient slept overnight in the temple.
>> Want to see more Athens? Read What to see in Athens in One Day <<
The Odeon of Herodes Atticus
We then move on to see the impressive remains of the Odeon, built in 161 AD by the Athenian Herodes Atticus in memory of his wife Regilla.
We can hardly imagine how impressive it might have looked like with a roof made of cedar wood from Lebanon. Mostly used for musical festivals, it hosted up to 5,000 spectators.
The Odeon was destroyed in 267 BC and underwent restoration in early 1950. Since that period there are concerts and drama performances, mostly during the Athens Festival.
The Temple of Athena Nike, the Propylaea, and the Erechtheion
Temple of Athena Nike
In Greek, Nike means victory, and the goddess Athena was worshipped as a goddess of victory in wisdom and war. The Temple of Athena Nike is an Ionic temple with a colonnaded portico on the front and rear facades.
They rebuilt and restored this little temple, on the right from the Propylaea, several times. Famous parts of its reliefs are now at the Acropolis Museum.
The Propylaea serves as the entrance to the Acropolis (and here you might get stuck in the crowd too!). The construction of this monumental gateway began around 437 BC. Its columns belong to the Doric order and have the same proportion (not the size) as the ones in the Parthenon.
The function of this gateway was to control the entrance into the Acropolis: people not ritually clean could not enter the sanctuary. The same applied to slaves. As the Acropolis was also the place where they kept the state treasury, the Propylaea played an important role in terms of security.
We spot the Erechtheion on the northern side of the Acropolis, erected in honor of both Athena and Poseidon. On one side there is a porch with six Ionic columns. On the southern part, the famous Porch of the Caryatids, six beautiful female figures as supporting columns.
The Erechtheion held a relation with the most ancient relics of the Athenians: the marks of Poseidon’s trident, the sacred olive tree of Athena, the supposed burial-place of the king Erechtheus, and more. Erechtheus, was one of the legendary kings of Athens worshipped together with the gods at the Erechtheion.
The olive tree remains on the western side of the Erechtheion, very close to the Parthenon, though it is not the original one.
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Over the years, the Parthenon has suffered from fire, revolution, war, misguided restoration, and – of course – pollution. It was a church and later a mosque. Large chunks of it were removed by the British (1801).
Restoration goes on. They are now using titanium to tie blocks and columns together. They have crafted new marble to fill in some gaps. As experts say, you can see the new marble in a lighter color, yet one of the principles of this restoration is not to cheat the visitor. As for the color, they also say that in 10 years both colors will almost match.
We still do not care. I know I don’t. For me, it remains an accomplished dream. And I keep looking at it. Between you and me, I have lots of pictures of Athens, but not so many of the Parthenon. I prefer to see it without the camera in between.
The Ancient Agora and the Temple of Hephaestus
We make a short stop near Plaka, a cold frappé, and a quick rest. Tiredness shows, probably… Who cares? I am in Athens, walking down Ancient Athens. What if my feet hurt or if the sun gets too hot? I want to keep walking, listening, and seeing it all.
Down the slippery slopes, we reach the Ancient Agora quite fast. Once inside, we are soon in front of the Stoa of Attalos, built and named after the King Attalos of Pergamon.
A Stoa was a covered portico, this one underwent an impressive work of restoration allowing us to see how porticos looked in the past. This stoa now hosts the Museum of the Ancient Agora.
We walk up for a while to reach the Temple of Hephaestus, with its impressive intact columns of Doric order. Its great state of conservation allows perceiving the structure and design of temples in Ancient Greece.
Several metal-working shops could be found nearby the temple, and being Hephaestus the god of fire, sculptors, and blacksmiths, the relationship is easily established.
The myths our Dionysos chooses for us tells the story of Hephaestus, son of Hera. Hera rejected him because of his deformity, throwing him off of Mount Olympus down to the Earth. Still, he remains the only Olympian to return to Olympus after being exiled.
The Cemetery of Kerameikos
Our last stage approaches with a visit to the ancient cemetery, Kerameikos. The church of Agia Triada stands in the background of this beautiful yet solitary area of the city, it remains an archaeological site not many people visit while in Athens.
There are two different ways to explain the name of the cemetery: some say that the area receives its name from the word keramos (Greek for pottery) because several pottery workshops populated the area before it became a cemetery.
Others, instead, state that the name comes from the local hero Keramos, son of Ariadne and Dionysus.
As we see every burial monument, we learn about their symbolism and the ancient mourning traditions, some of them are still maintained.
However, what leaves the greatest impression of all is not the cemetery, but Dionysus, our guide. He, in an attempt to convince the pride Athenians to share about their city, their history, and their legacy to the World, reads us part of a speech given by Pericles, close to the communal grave, after the burial of the first dead soldier of the Peloponnesian Wars. And it goes like this:
However, what leaves the greatest impression of all is not the cemetery, but Dionysus, our guide. He, in an attempt to convince the pride of Athenians about their city, their history, and their legacy to the World, reads us part of a speech given by Pericles, close to the communal grave:
Our constitution does not copy the laws of neighboring states; we are rather a pattern to others than imitators ourselves. Its administration favors the many instead of the few; this is why it is called a democracy. (…) The freedom which we enjoy in our government extends also to our ordinary life. There, far from exercising a jealous surveillance over each other, we do not feel called upon to be angry with our neighbor for doing what he likes, or even to indulge in those injurious looks which cannot fail to be offensive, although they inflict no positive penalty.
And there we stand, full of that mesmerizing spirit of the past, still so alive in modern Athens. There we stand, at the end of this incredible experience, under the burning sun of Athens.
Athens Mythological Tour, and more!
Our guide, Dionysios. The first picture was at the Stoa of Attalos, the second picture was taken near the Kerameikos cemetery.
Alternative Athens proposes this “Mythological Tour of Athens“, a 4-hour walking tour that highlights the landmarks of the city, as well as the Architecture, Archaeology, and Politics of Athens through Mythology and History. It is an excellent way to see Athens’ landmarks at a reasonable pace.
Our guide, Dionysios, was extremely knowledgeable. He has a solid background and was available to answer all of our questions. I was deeply touched by the love he shows for his city, and the enthusiasm, patience, and dedication he puts in what he does.
Discover more Tours of Athens about myth and history
Myths & Philosophers Private Walking Tour: “Walk the footsteps of the Greek philosophers in Athens. Discover the philosophical movements that thrived in this land over 2500 years ago, as well as the fascinating Greek Mythology.”
Guided Mythological Walking Tour: “Stroll along some of the most beautiful spots of Athens as your guides share stories of gods and lovers with you. Dive into a world of transformations, seduction and deception, godly affairs, and divine punishment.”
In the Steps of Athenian Democracy Private Guided Tour: “Get acquainted with the ancient heart of the city through this unique democracy-themed guided walking tour.”
Acropolis & Museum Interactive Mythology Tour: “Spend the day as a Greek God and discover the divine formula to return to Mount Olympus through a series of fun clues and witty puzzles.”
**Super Value for Money! – App Tour of Greek Mythology in Athens without Entry Tickets: “Use a mobile app and embark on a journey of glorious Greek myths and learn fascinating stories about gods and heroes of ancient Greece as you follow a carefully designed route around the Acropolis and through Plaka.”
Private Secret Acropolis Tour: “The secrets of the sensational Acropolis are waiting to be revealed; as you gain intriguing insight into a side of Parthenon that strays away from the usual tourist routes.”
Mythology Themed Private Tour for Families: “Embark on a fascinating walking tour suitable for all members of the family. Discover the mythical side of Athens, through the landmarks of the city that have been inspired by the timeless heritage of Greek Mythology.”
What is your favorite stop on this tour?
Let me know in the comments below!
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About the author of this blog:
Gabi has been living in Crete for the last five years. Here, she juggles being a solo mom, hosting culinary tours in the summer, translating, and writing for The Tiny Book and her other blogs.
She’s written for Greek Reporter, published three travel guides about Greece, and had more glasses of frappe than any regular person would be able to handle.
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